GESTETNER, DAVID

GESTETNER, DAVID (1854–1939), British industrialist. Born in Csorna, Hungary, he was the inventor of the cyclostyle duplicating process and was credited with being the founder of modern stencil duplicating. At 17, chafing at the monotony of clerking on the Vienna Stock Exchange, he went to New York, where, after experimenting with papers for duplicating, he moved on to London to sell his invention and set up business. The firm he founded now has worldwide branches and factories, employing thousands of people. Entering communal life, he was a founder of the Green Lanes Synagogue, London (1897). SIGMUND (1897–1956), David's son, was chairman and managing director of the Gestetner business when he was 23, and made a name as a progressive industrialist. Influenced by Chaim Weizmann, he was a devoted Zionist, and as chairman of the keren hayesod in England at the time of the Nazi regime in Germany, he helped Jewish craftsmen to escape, and through the central british Fund for German Jewry and the Children's Movement, he helped to resettle refugees. He served in the army in World War I, and in World War II his factory did war work and he organized the Balfour Club for the Jewish Forces in London. He was treasurer of the Jewish National Fund in Britain in 1949 and became its president in 1950. He was treasurer of the Joint Palestine Appeal and honorary treasurer of the Weizmann Institute Foundation. He was also a successful farmer, and loaned his farm to the Zionist movement for training agricultural pioneers bound for Ereẓ Israel. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: The Times, London (March 16, 1939; April 21, 1956). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online; DBB, 2, 519–25. (John M. Shaftesley)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Gestetner, David — SUBJECT AREA: Paper and printing [br] b. March 1854 Csorna, Hungary d. 8 March 1939 Nice, France [br] Hungarian/British pioneer of stencil duplicating. [br] For the first twenty five years of his life, Gestetner was a rolling stone and… …   Biographical history of technology

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  • David Gestetner — Der Automatic Cyclostyle der britischen Firma Gestetner (Werbeanzeige, um 1900) David Gestetner (ungarisch: Gestetner Dávid; * 20. März 1854 in Csorna, Ungarn; † 18. März 1939 London) war ein ungarischer Erfinder. David Gestetner arbeitete… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Gestetner — David Gestetner, né à Csorna (Hongrie) le 20 mars 1854 et mort à Londres le 18 mars 1939, est l inventeur du polycopieur ou cyclostyle qui porte son nom. Il commence sa carrière professionnelle à la Bourse de Vienne, puis… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gestetner — The Gestetner, named for its inventor David Gestetner, is a duplicating machine.The Gestetner brand has been owned by Ricoh since 1995.In Europe, Gestetner Group became NRG Group which as of 1st April became Ricoh Europe.In the US, the Gestetner… …   Wikipedia

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  • Gestetner, Sigmund — (1897–1956)    British industrialist and Zionist. Sigmund’s father David had settled in England from Hungary, and manufactured a cyclo style duplicating process he had invented. Sigmund became chairman of the company at the age of twenty three,… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Paper and printing — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Applegath, Augustus Barclay, Robert Baxter, George Bell, Thomas Benton, Linn Boyd Bewick, Thomas Biro, Laszlo Joszef Bi Sheng Blickensderfer, George C …   Biographical history of technology

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